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In Munich this year, the focus will be on a "westlessness", an idea that western countries are uncertain of their values and their strategic orientation. Attendees will also be tackling the implications of the coronavirus outbreak and US actions in the Middle East. The summit runs from February 14 to 16.
The Munich Security Conference opens this weekend with talks expected on issues ranging from the threat to western liberal values to the coronavirus outbreak and US actions in the Middle East.
The annual conference prides itself on being a venue for diplomatic initiatives on some of the world's most pressing concerns, writes The National's Andrew Brennan.
Mike Pompeo arrived overnight in Germany for the Munich meeting. In a tweet, Mr Pompeo said the conference will provide a productive forum to confront Iran.
The Iranian Minister Foreign Affairs Mohammed Javad Zarif is due to attend this weekend's conference.
Mr Pompeo will be joined by his American colleague, Mark Esper, the US Secretary of Defence, who arrived from Brussels after a Nato briefing on the US and the Taliban drawing closer to signing a peace deal.
"The United States and the Taliban have negotiated a proposal for a seven-day reduction in violence," Mr Esper told reporters during a news conference in Brussels at Nato headquarters.
"I'm here today consulting with allies about this proposal, and we've had a series of productive bilateral and collective meetings about the path forward."
The Munich meeting will be attended by Afghan president Ashraf Ghani.
What happened last year?
Some of the highlights of 2019’s Munich Security Conference:
America demanded that Europe join the US in confronting Iran, with Mike Pence, the US Vice President, warning that Tehran was openly pursuing a “new holocaust”.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El Sisi called for global action against extremism promoted online and spread over digital platforms, claiming that inaction was swelling the ranks of terrorist groups.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel said that the move by the US administration to cancel a major Cold War-era short and medium-range missile arms treaty with Russia was very bad for Europe.
In a rare public briefing, Alex Younger, Chief of Britain’s Secret Intelligence Service, also known as MI6, warned that ISIS was reforming to pose new security threats.
Ahmed Aboul Gheit, the Secretary-General of the Arab League, rejected suggestions that Turkish or European forces could be introduced to northern Syria with the establishment of safe zones after the withdrawal of US ground troops.