Issued by CEMO Center - Paris
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Abadi to The Reference: Iran seeks to swallow the Middle East with its alleged Persian project

Tuesday 12/March/2019 - 01:38 PM
The Reference
Islam Muhammad

Iran is moving ahead with the so-called "Persian project", which aims to spread chaos, so that the Iranian arms dominate the region's capabilities and policy, and see the effects of this vision in the political and military support by Iran to the terrorist militias in Yemen and other areas of conflict in the Middle East.
As we try to ask the necessary questions to understand the expansionist Iranian project, what are the latest developments on the regional scene with regard to the project?

What is the impact of US sanctions on the Iranian economy? How was the reaction following the economic siege on the Iranian street? What are the reasons for the stalled negotiations with Europe after the withdrawal of the United States from the nuclear agreement?
In an interview with the researcher specializing in the Iranian issue Mohammad Abadi, we ask these questions among others, trying to decipher the Persian expansion project and its purposes and political and military exercise, and discuss the structure of arms scattered throughout the Arab world. Here is the text of the interview:

What do you think of the resignation of the Iranian Foreign Minister and then his retraction from it at this time?

Of course, the resignation of Zarif and his retreat from it, his clash with the reality inside Iran, and the broad address away from the small details, were the difference between the camp of the hardliners and reformists led by Rohani and Zarif. When the Iranian foreign minister was absent from the meeting of Syrian President Bashar Assad at the expense of the emergence of Qasim Soleimani in the scene, Zarif was insulted, and felt marginalized after the failure of the nuclear agreement which is one of his most important personal achievements.

- What are the implications of the Syrian president's visit to Tehran?

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad wants to export a natural picture of the world about his activities, his reception of presidents and leaders, and his visits to other countries.

As for the other side of the visit, I can say that Qassem Soleimani, commander of the Quds Force of the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, was the one who brought out the scene of this visit as a crowning achievement for his efforts to preserve the Syrian ally amidst a devastating conflict.

What is the expected fate of the Shiite militias inside Syrian territory after the end of their mission?

Iraqi, Afghan and Lebanese militias may leave symbolically from Syrian territory, but no one will be able to break the close link between the Syrian government and Iranian influence in Syria.

In theory, under Israeli strikes and repeated attacks, the militias could disappear from the scene, but neither the Syrian president nor the Iranian ally would be able to relinquish Syria's harvest of money, fighters and equipment.

The Iranians have already offered to Washington to negotiate on the issue of Yemen. Does Tehran today look closer to making concessions in the file after the Houthis retreat on the ground?

Iran initially wanted to take control of Yemen, completely through the full Houthi coup, against legitimacy, and with the entry of Operation Decisive Storm, stationed on several fronts, and fought through its ally Houthis.

Today the situation is going to the survival of military maps as they are. Houthis control the provinces and cities, maintains the legitimacy on the rest of the provinces, continues depletion of the military energy of the resistance and the legitimate government. If a political solution is reached, the Lebanese model will be repeated in the country.

What is the impact of the participation of Hezbollah in the Lebanese government in dealing internationally with this government?

Hezbollah has succeeded in being a difficult figure in the equation of Lebanon. The government of the country does not participate with Hezbollah and its allies. The government has been disrupted for months or even years until agreement is reached on Hezbollah's terms, meaning that there is no political decision in the country without Hezbollah participation.

As for the international deal, it is subject to the reality. There may be sanctions here and there, but everyone knows that when you turn your back on Lebanon, whether on the Arab or the global level, Iran is ready to fill this vacuum immediately through its powerful arm in Lebanon.

Will the Iranian protests succeed in changing the regime's behavior?

The behavior of the Iranian regime is a doctrine and philosophy based on the rule and order of the country, a strategy that will not deviate from Iran's behavior, but under internal protests and the siege of the outside, it may modify only tactics and maneuver, but soon adapts to the new situation to return to its aggressive and expansionist behavior.

Why did the Iranian negotiations with the Europeans stall?

The Europeans want to establish a conditional peace with Iran. Europe has always insisted on these basic conditions, the human rights situation in Iran, the sponsorship of terrorist militias, intervention in the affairs of neighboring countries, and the devastating ballistic missile project in Iran.

But Iran is straying on the other side, not responding to European demands. With Donald Trump's administration on the line, pressure on European capitals, and Iranian dodging in European conditions, Iranian-European relations are deadlocked.

How is the current situation in the Ahwaz Arab region in Iran?

Ethnic and religious minorities in Iran suffer from marginalization. The Ahwazis, the Baluchs, the Kurds and others are suffering from Iranian greed in the region's wealth of oil, gas, rivers and agricultural land, which is aimed at marginalizing the region and depriving its of its most basic rights.