Issued by CEMO Center - Paris
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Sochi agreement at stake as Turkey fuels the situation in Idlib

Sunday 16/February/2020 - 02:51 PM
The Reference
Moaaz Mohamed

Although Russia and Turkey signed an agreement in Sochi on September 18, 2018 to set up a demilitarized zone in the Syrian city of Idlib to avoid war. The Sochi agreement is now at stake as tensions between the two the countries have been escalating.

Sochi agreement at

For his part, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said his country would not remain silent as the Idlib tragedy, as he put it, continues. 

“I hereby declare that we will strike regime forces everywhere from now on regardless of the Sochi deal if any tiny bit of harm comes to our soldiers at observation posts or elsewhere," Erdogan said.

“We are determined to push back (regime forces) behind the borders of the Sochi deal by the end of February," Erdogan said.

“We will do whatever is necessary both on the ground and in the air without any hesitation and without any delay,” he added.

Meanwhile, a Syrian Foreign Ministry official said that his country rejects completely any Turkish presence in Syria. The official described the Turkish presence in Syria as an obscene transgression on its sovereignty, according to Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA).

Sochi agreement at

For their part, analysts Ivan Abakumov and Natalia Makarova stated in an article titled “Why Turkey is dragging NATO into a war in Syria”, on February 12, that Erdogan plans to seize the Syrian city of Aleppo as part of his Ottoman empire dream.

Sky News said that two Turkish military convoys infiltrated the Syrian territories on February 12 and headed towards the western countryside of Aleppo.

In the same vein, Simon Bagdasarov, the Director of the Center for Middle East and Central Asia Studies, said that Erdogan is seeking turn his country into a superpower by urging NATO to join his operations in Idlib.

Bagdasarov added that Erdogan wants to take over Aleppo, as it was the largest city, after Constantinople, of the Ottoman Empire.

A Kremlin source has revealed that Erdogan and Russian President Vladimir Putin had discussed in a phone call ways for a settlement for the situation in Syria, including the tense situation in Idlib.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said his country was continuing to work with Russia to secure a lasting ceasefire in Idlib.

The situation escalated in Idlib after seven Turkish soldiers were killed in Idlib. On Feb. 11, five Turkish soldiers were killed and five others were injured during an attack of the Syrian Arab army.