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Learn about Iraqi Najbaa movement after classifying it as terrorist group

Thursday 07/March/2019 - 01:32 PM
The Reference
Ali Rajab

The United States has imposed sanctions on the so-called "Islamic Resistance - the Najbaa Hezbollah", one of Iraq's most prominent pro-Iranian militias, the Treasury Department said on Tuesday.

The measure, according to the Treasury Department statement, aims to prevent resources used by the group and its leader in planning and carrying out terrorist attacks.

The resolution also includes freezing all property and interests of the movement and banning Americans from engaging in any dealings with them.

In September 2017, Senators David Bradio, Ted Cruz and Marco Rubio introduced the "Terrorist Sanctions Act, Iran's Agents," which targets the movement and another group.

A bipartisan group of Republicans and Democrats in the House of Representatives also introduced similar legislation in January.

Last September, US senators introduced a law aimed at Iran and its support groups in the region, while a bipartisan group, both Republican and Democratic in the House of Representatives, introduced similar legislation in January 2019.

Who is the stupid movement?

Al Najbaa movement is an unknown Iraqi Shiite militia, supported and sponsored by the Iranian Revolutionary Guards, which is part of the Iraqi popular crowd.

The movement was founded in 2013 by Akram al-Kaabi, former leader of the Mahdi Army, of the leader of the Sadrist movement Muqtada al-Sadr, and also the movement of Asaib Ahl al-Haq led by “Qais al-Khazali”.

The Mahdi militia has several alleged targets, most notably the prelude to the establishment of the state of divine justice led by Imam Mahdi, the fight against global arrogance at all levels, the support of the oppressed and the demand for human rights.

Al-Kaabi was born in 1977 and is considered one of the disciples of Imam al-Sadr II. He served as imam in Musayyib and was entrusted with the leadership of the Mehdi Army in the second battle of Najaf in 2004. After that he underwent courses in military sciences and strategic administration in Iran, and became Secretary-General after the British arrested the Secretary General of the organization Qais al-Khazali, but suddenly left Al-Kaabi military work and devoted to the religious sciences in Iran; to return to the scene of the beginning of the Syrian war.

Military formation

The movement includes about 10,000 fighters, active in Iraq and Syria, and funded by Iran and consists of three combat brigades, namely: "Ammar bin Yasser Brigade, the brigade of Imam Hassan al-Mujtaba and the brigade of el-Hamd."

Al-Najbaa movement exists in a number of Iraqi cities, including Al-Muthanna, Kirkuk, Diyala and Salah al-Din, especially in Dujail, and there are few in Tikrit. Some of them are also based in Syria.
In the footsteps of Iran

Al-Najbaa, one of the military branches of the Revolutionary Guards in Iraq and Syria, is also ready to fight in Yemen.

"We do not hide Iran's technical and logistical support for us, at all levels in terms of training and arming, and to provide advice through the presence of field commanders and advisers from the brothers in the Quds Force," al-Kaabi said. 

With the outbreak of the Syrian armed conflict, al-Kaabi, the founder of Al-Nuba'a, was tasked with forming a fighting faction in Syria. He founded Ammar bin Yasser Brigade in early 2013 and moved to Syria to supervise the field and lead the operations himself.

The Reuters news agency said in 2017 that the movement has helped Teheran to find a way to supply Damascus through Iraq.

In this context, we can understand the mandate of al-Najbaa to secure large areas of the Iraqi-Syrian border, from which they have been expelled. This makes the region practically an open Iranian sphere of influence that not only reaches Iraq in Damascus but extends to the two countries in Tehran and Beirut.

Al-Kaabi also expressed his readiness to intervene in the Yemeni conflict. He said: "The movement is ready to support the Houthis with fighters and weapons."